Lexical Semantics - 103 Academic Year

詞彙語意學 - 103學年度

本課程是由 國立陽明交通大學外國語文學系 提供。

This course is designed to introduce students to the fascinating field of lexical semantics, the study of the interaction of syntactic behavior and semantic properties. Lexical semantics can be approached from different perspectives with different concerns and the class is meant to introduce all major approaches that have shed important light on the study of lexical knowledge and representations.

Lectures and class discussions will focus on the major theoretical frameworks and their applications. In the course of 18 weeks, 12 major approaches will be introduced:

1. Syntax-lexical semantic interface: Argument structure (B. Levin)
2. Prototype Theory (Dowty)
3. Construction Grammar (A. Goldberg)
4. Conceptual semantics (R. Jackendoff)
5. Frame Semantics (C. Fillmore)
6. Cognitive semantics and configuration (Langnacker)
7. Cognitive Semantics and lexicalization (L. Talmy)
8. Cognitive Semantics and metaphorical extension (G. Lakoff)
9. Generative Lexicon (J. Pustejovsky)
10. Grammaticalization and Semantic change (E. Traugott and J. Bybee)
11. Corpus linguistics (D. Biber)
12. Emergent Grammar (P. Hopper)

Each theoretical framework will be illustrated with representative papers that show the basic constructs of the theory and how the approach can be applied to the analysis of a linguistic issue. After the theories are introduced, a few case studies will be included to show how recent works on Mandarin lexical semantics have advanced and how the project on the construction of Mandarin VerbNet has progressed. The ultimate goal of this class is to provide students with a broad range of background knowledge that will enable the students to carry out meaningful research in lexical semantics.


課程用書:

Required: A packet of required readings will be available for photocopies.
Supplementary: Mandarin Verbal Semantics: a corpus-based approach/劉美君/交大出版社
老師自編教材

 

為求學習成效完美,請購買課本!

 

授課教師 外國語文學系 劉美君老師
課程學分 3學分
授課年度 103學年度
授課對象 研究生
預備知識 無
課程提供 課程影音   課程綱要  課程行事曆 

週次課程內容課程影音課程下載
第一週課程介紹線上觀看MP4下載
第一週Introduction of the course
What is a lexicon?
Culture as reflected in the lexicon: 醒、覺
線上觀看MP4下載
第二週- the nature of lexical knowledge
- Ambiguity, polysemy, and vagueness
線上觀看MP4下載
第三週Approach (1): Syntax-semantic interface
Alternation-based approach
- Alternations and classes: Psych verbs, Motion verbs
線上觀看MP4下載
第四週- From Lexical Semantics to Argument Realization:
4 different approaches of event structure representation
- lexical Semantics and syntactic structure: the unaccusative hypothesis
線上觀看MP4下載
第五週Approach (2): Prototype theory
- Thematic Proto-roles and Argument Selection
線上觀看MP4下載
第六週Approach (3): Construction Grammar:
- the interaction between verbs and constructions
- Caused Motion/Resultative construction
線上觀看MP4下載
第七週Lexical rules vs. Constructional approach
- Twistin’ the night away
- Jackendoff and construction grammar
線上觀看MP4下載
第八週Approach (4): Conceptual semantics
- Thematic vs. Action tier
- Psychological/evaluative predicates
線上觀看MP4下載
第九週Approach (5): Frame semantics
- Overview of frame Semantics
- Frame-based lexicon: ‘risk’-verbs
- the role of frame Semantics in construction grammar
線上觀看MP4下載
第十週Approach (6): Cognitive semantics
- Lexicalization patterns
- Event conflation
線上觀看MP4下載
第十一週Approach (7): Cognitive grammar
Schema and extension
- Things, (relations) and processes
線上觀看MP4下載
第十二週Approach (8): Prototype and metaphor
- The case of English ‘over’
- From cognition to grammar
線上觀看MP4下載
第十三週Approach (9): Grammaticalization and semantic change
- Back to the future
- Semantics-pragmatics in grammaticalization
線上觀看MP4下載
第十四週Approach (10): Generative Lexicon
- Introduction to generative lexicon
- Qualia structure
線上觀看MP4下載
第十五週Approach (11): Corpus-based approach
- Corpus approach to lexico-grammar
Approach (12): Toward an emergent view of lexical semantics
線上觀看MP4下載
第十六週- From collocation to Event information: verbs of discussion
- the construction of Mandarin VerbNet
線上觀看MP4下載
第十七週- 近義詞: 高興 vs. 快樂
- Beyond lexical Semantics: the pro-verb GAN
線上觀看MP4下載

課程目標

This course is designed to introduce students to the fascinating field of lexical semantics, the study of the interaction of syntactic behavior and semantic properties. Lexical semantics can be approached from different perspectives with different concerns and the class is meant to introduce all major approaches that have shed important light on the study of lexical knowledge and representations.

 

Lectures and class discussions will focus on the major theoretical frameworks and their applications. In the course of 18 weeks, 12 major approaches will be introduced:

1. Syntax-lexical semantic interface: Argument structure (B. Levin)

2. Prototype Theory (Dowty)

3. Construction Grammar (A. Goldberg)

4. Conceptual semantics (R. Jackendoff)

5. Frame Semantics (C. Fillmore)

6. Cognitive semantics and configuration (Langnacker)

7. Cognitive Semantics and lexicalization (L. Talmy)

8. Cognitive Semantics and metaphorical extension (G. Lakoff)

9. Generative Lexicon (J. Pustejovsky)

10. Grammaticalization and Semantic change (E. Traugott and J. Bybee)

11. Corpus linguistics (D. Biber)

12. Emergent Grammar (P. Hopper)

 

Each theoretical framework will be illustrated with representative papers that show the basic constructs of the theory and how the approach can be applied to the analysis of a linguistic issue. After the theories are introduced, a few case studies will be included to show how recent works on Mandarin lexical semantics have advanced and how the project on the construction of Mandarin VerbNet has progressed. The ultimate goal of this class is to provide students with a broad range of background knowledge that will enable the students to carry out meaningful research in lexical semantics.

 

課程章節

章節 章節內容
Week 1Introduction of the course
What is a lexicon?
Culture as reflected in the lexicon: 醒、覺
Week 2 - The nature of lexical knowledge
- Ambiguity, polysemy, and vagueness
Week 3 Approach (1): Syntax-semantic interface Alternation-based approach
- Alternations and classes: Psych verbs, Motion verbs
Week 4 - From Lexical Semantics to Argument Realization: 4 different approaches of event structure representation
- Lexical semantics and syntactic structure: the unaccusative hypothesis
Week 5 Approach (2): Prototype theory
- Thematic Proto-roles and Argument Selection
Week 6 Approach (3): Construction Grammar:
- The interaction between verbs and constructions
- Caused motion/Resultative construction
Week 7Lexical rules vs. Constructional approach
- Twistin’ the night away
- Jackendoff and construction grammar
Week 8Approach (4): Conceptual semantics - Thematic vs. Action tier - Psychological/evaluative predicates
Week 9 Approach (5): Frame semantics
- Overview of frame semantics
- Frame-based lexicon: ‘risk’-verbs
- The role of Frame semantics in construction grammar
Week 10 Approach (6): Cognitive semantics
- Lexicalization patterns - Event conflation
Week 11Approach (7): Cognitive grammar Schema and extension
- Things, (relations) and processes
Week 12Approach (8): Prototype and metaphor
- The case of English ‘over’
-
From cognition to grammar
Week 13Approach (9): Grammaticalization and semantic change
- Back to the future
- Semantics-pragmatics in grammaticalization
Week 14Approach (10): Generative Lexicon
- Introduction to generative lexicon
- Qualia Structure
Week 15Approach (11): Corpus-based approach
- Corpus approach to lexico-grammar
Approach (12): Toward an emergent view of lexical semantics
Week 16 - From collocation to event information: verbs of discussion
- The construction of Mandarin VerbNet
Week 17 - 近義詞: 高興 vs. 快樂
- Beyond lexical semantics: the pro-verb GAN
Week 18A mini-conference: Presentation

 

課程書目

Required: A packet of required readings will be available for photocopies.
Supplementary: Mandarin Verbal Semantics: a corpus-based approach

 

評分標準

項目百分比
Attendance and active participation20%
Weekly reading and discussion leadership20%
Group projects and oral presentation20%
Midterm take-home exam20%
Final project: a lexical semantic analysis20%

 

參考資料

Rd 1韓少功. 1997. 醒, 覺. 馬橋詞典:58-62. 台北:時報出版.
Rd 2 Pustejovsky, J. 1995. The nature of lexical knowledge. The Generative Lexicon, 5-26. London: MIT Press.
Tuggy, D. 1993. Ambiguity, polysemy, and vagueness. Cognitive Linguistics (includes Cognitive Linguistic Bibliography), 4(3), 273-290.
Rd 3Levin, B. 1993. English verb classes and alternations: a preliminary investigation. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.
Rd 4Levin, B. and Hovav, M.R. 1996a. From lexical semantics to argument realization. Unpublished MS. Northwestern University and Bar Ilan University. A revised and expanded version will appear in the Cambridge. Research Surveys in Linguistics Series.
Levin, B. & Hovav, M.R. 1996b. Lexical semantics and syntactic structure. The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory, ed. by S. Lappin, 487-507.
Rd 5Dowty, D. 1991. Thematic proto-roles and argument selection. language, 547-619.
Rd 6Goldberg, A.E. 1995. Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.
Goldberg, A. E., & Jackendoff, R. 2004. The English resultative as a family of constructions. Language, 532-568.
Rd 7Goldberg, A. E. 1996. Jackendoff and construction-based grammar. Cognitive Linguistics (includes Cognitive Linguistic Bibliography), 7(1), 3-20.
Jackendoff, R. 1997. Twistin’ the Night away. Language 73 III: 534-559.
Rd 8Jackendoff, R. 1992. Semantic structures (Vol. 18). MIT press.
Jackendoff, R. 2007. Language, consciousness, culture: Essays on mental structure. MIT Press.
Rd 9Fillmore, Charles J. & Beryl T. Atkins. 1992. Toward a frame-based lexicon: the semantics of RISK and its neighbors. In Adrienne Lehrer and Eva Feder Kittay (eds.) Frames, Fields and Contrasts. 75-102. Hillsdale, NJ. Erlbaum.
Nemoto, N. 1998. On the polysemy of ditransitive save: the role of frame semantics in construction grammar. English linguistics, 15, 219-242.
Petruck, M. R. 1996. Frame semantics. Handbook of pragmatics, 1-13.
Rd 10Talmy, L. 1991. Path to realization: A typology of event conflation. In Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society General Session and Parasession on The Grammar of Event Structure, 480-519
Talmy, L. 2003. Lexicalization pattern. In Toward a Cognitive Semantics, Vol. II., chapter 1. Cambridge, MA: MIT press.
Rd 11Langacker, R. W. 1987. Foundations of cognitive grammar: Theoretical prerequisites (Vol. 1). Stanford university press.
Rd 12Heine, B., Claudi, U., & Htinnemeyer, F. 1991. From Cognition to Grammar – Evidence from African Languages. Approaches to Grammaticalization: Volume I. Theoretical and methodological issues, 19(1), 149.
Lakoff, G. 1990. Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: University of Chicago press.
Rd 13Bybee, J. L., & Pagliuca, W. und Revere D. Perkins. 1991. Back to the Future. Approaches to Grammaticalization II: Focus on Types of Grammatical Markers.
Traugott, E. C., & König, E. 1991. The semantics-pragmatics of grammaticalization revisited. Approaches to grammaticalization, 1, 189-218.
Rd 14Pustejovsky, J. 2008. Introduction to Generative Lexicon.
Pustejovsky, J. 1995. The Generative Lexicon. MIT Press.
Rd 15Biber, D., Conrad, S., & Reppen, R. 1998. Corpus linguistics: Investigating language structure and use. Cambridge University Press.
Hongyin, T. 2003. Toward an emergent view of lexical semantics. Language and Linguistics 4.4: 837-856. Taipei: Academic Sinica.
Rd 16Hongyin, T. 2003. Toward an emergent view of lexical semantics. Language and Linguistics 4.4: 837-856. Taipei: Academic Sinica.
Liu, Meichun., & Chiang, Tingyin. 2008. The construction of Mandarin VerbNet: A frame-based study of statement verbs. Language and Linguistics, 9.2: 239-270. Taipei: Academic Sinica.
Rd 17 Liu, Meichen. 2005. Lexical information and beyond: Meaning coercion and constructional inference of the Mandarin verb GAN. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 33,2: 310-332
蔡美智, 黃居仁, & 陳克健. 1996. 由近義詞辨義標準看語意語法之互動. 中國 境內語言暨語言學: 第五輯語言中的互動. 台北, 南港: 中央研究院. 第 439-459 頁.

本課程行事曆提供課程進度與考試資訊參考。

學期週次
上課日期
參考課程進度

第一週

09/17
  • Introduction of the course
    What is a lexicon?
    Culture as reflected in the lexicon: 醒、覺

  • Reading:
    Get the reading packet
    Rd 1: 馬橋辭典
第二週 09/24
  • - The nature of lexical knowledge
    - Ambiguity, polysemy, and vagueness

  • Reading:
    Rd 2:
    Pustejovsky 1995
    D. Tuggy 1993
第三週 10/01
  • Approach (1): Syntax-semantic interface Alternation-based approach
    - Alternations and classes: Psych verbs, Motion verbs

  • Reading:
    Rd 3: Levin 1993
第四週 10/08
  • - From Lexical Semantics to Argument Realization: 4 different approaches of event structure representation
    - Lexical semantics and syntactic structure: the unaccusative hypothesis

  • Reading:
    Levin and Hovav 1996a, 1996b
第五週 10/15
  • Approach (2): Prototype theory
    - Thematic Proto-roles and Argument Selection

  • Reading:
    Rd 5: D. Dowty 1991
第六週 10/22
  • Approach (3): Construction Grammar:
    - The interaction between verbs and constructions
    - Caused motion/Resultative construction 

  • Reading:
    Rd 6: Goldberg 1995 (Goldberg & Jakendoff 2004)
第七週 10/29
  • Lexical rules vs. Constructional approach
    - Twistin’ the night away
    - Jackendoff and construction grammar

  • Reading:
    Rd 7:
    Jackendoff 1997
    Goldberg 1996
第八週 11/05
  • Approach (4): Conceptual semantics
    - Thematic vs. Action tier
    - Psychological/evaluative predicates

  • Reading:
    Rd 8: Jackendoff 1992, 2007
第九週 11/12
  • Approach (5): Frame semantics
    - Overview of frame semantics
    - Frame-based lexicon: ‘risk’-verbs
    - The role of Frame semantics in construction grammar

  • Reading:
    Rd 9:
    Petruck 1996
    Fillmore 1992
    Nemoto 1998
第十週 11/19
  • Approach (6): Cognitive semantics
    - Lexicalization patterns
    - Event conflation

  • Reading:
    Rd 10:
    Talmy 2003 (P21-78)
    Talmy 1991
第十一週 11/26
  • Approach (7): Cognitive grammar Schema and extension
    - Things, (relations) and processes

  • Reading:
    Rd 11: Langacker 1987
第十二週 12/03
  • Approach (8): Prototype and metaphor
    - The case of English ‘over’
    - From cognition to grammar

  • Reading:
    Rd 12:
    Lakoff 1990
    Heine et al 1991
第十三週 12/10
  • Approach (9): Grammaticalization and semantic change
    - Back to the future
    - Semantics-pragmatics in grammaticalization

  • Reading:
    Rd 13:
    Bybee et al 1991
    Traugott & Konig 1991
第十四週 12/17
  • Approach (10): Generative Lexicon
    - Introduction to generative lexicon
    - Qualia Structure

  • Reading:
    Rd 14:
    Pustejovsky 2008
    Pustejovsky 1995
第十五週 12/24
  • Approach (11): Corpus-based approach
    - Corpus approach to lexico-grammar
    Approach (12): Toward an emergent view of lexical semantics

  • Reading:
    Rd 15:
    Biber et al 1998
    Tao 2003
第十六週 12/31
  • - From collocation to event information: verbs of discussion
    - The construction of Mandarin VerbNet

  • Reading:
    Rd 16:
    Liu 2003
    Liu and Chiang 2008
第十七週 01/07
  • - 近義詞: 高興 vs. 快樂
    - Beyond lexical semantics: the pro-verb GAN

  • Reading:
    Rd 17:
    蔡et al 1996
    Liu 2003
第十八週 01/14
  • A mini-conference: Presentation

  • Reading:
    Final paper due 01-21